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F1 Explained – A to Z


Aerodynamics is the study of airflow over and around an object and an intrinsic part of Formula One car design.

Apex is the term used for the middle point of the inside line around a corner at which drivers aim their cars.

An Appeal is an action that a team takes on its drivers’ behalf if it feels that they have been unfairly penalised by the race officials.

Autograph Sessions take place across the F1 weekend – usually on the main stage in the Fanzone- and are attended by all F1 drivers. These are a great opportunity for fans to meet and get an autograph from and photo with their F1 heroes


Backmarker is the term used to describe a driver at the rear end of the field, often when he is encountered by the race leaders.

Blue flags are used to inform the backmarker when he should let a faster car past.

The Broadcast (Communications) Centre is a building unpacked and constructed for every race, housing up to 200 people working tirelessly on data, images and audio. It’s basically responsible for everything you see and hear on your screen.

The communications building houses a mixture of engineers, technicians and production staff; the majority of which work on the TV programme. There’s super-fast fibre wire running all the way around the circuit, transmitting data back to communications.

There are 26 cameras around an average circuit. These feed images into a bank of 26 monitors in the main heart of the production area where the executive director dictates what we all see on TV.

The Bullpen or Mixed Zone is a barriered, octagonally shaped area inside the Paddock where drivers must attend after being in a press conference or a track session (including Qualifying and the race itself) to speak to international broadcast media. The bullpen is designed to permit the broadcast media to ‘mix’ with the drivers for the purpose of an interview in this designated area. Each broadcaster is assigned a specific area to stand and wait for the driver to come to them – usually this is grouped by language so the English, German & Spanish speaking media would be grouped accordingly for example. Interviewers are expected to limit interviews to one minute or less so that as many broadcasters as possible have the opportunity to speak to the drivers. At any given time, you can have up to 5 drivers in the bullpen at once.


The Chassis is the main frame of a car to which the engine and suspension are attached

A Chicane is a tight series of corners that alternate in direction, often used to slow cars down

The Cockpit is simply the area of a car where the driver sits

Concerts: F1 race weekends don’t just feature on-track entertainment but also offer a series of live concerts by major music acts every night. While this is at the discretion of a promoter, increasingly more and more Grand Prixs feature concerts by major acts including Taylor Swift, The Red Hot Chilli Peppers, Cardi B, Justin Timberlake, Sam Smith, Guns ‘N Roses and many more. A ticket to the Grand Prix allows free access to these concerts.


Dirty Air is the term used for the disturbed air left behind an F1 car, which negatively affects the aerodynamics of the following car

Downforce is the term used for the aerodynamic force that is applied in a downwards direction as a car travels forwards. This is harnessed to improve a car’s traction and its handling through corners.

Drag refers to the aerodynamic resistance experienced as a car travels forwards.

The Drag Reduction System (or DRS) is a form of driver-adjustable bodywork aimed at reducing aerodynamic drag in order to increase top speed and promote overtaking in F1. The system’s availability is electronically governed – it can be used at any time in practice and qualifying (unless a driver is on wet-weather tyres), but during the race can only be activated when a driver is less than one second behind another car at pre-determined points on the track. The system is then deactivated once the driver brakes.

The Drivers’ Parade sees the F1 drivers taken on an open-top lap of the track to greet all the attending F1 fans in the circuit that have come to cheer for them. The Driver’s Parade takes place on race Sunday, approx. 90 minutes before the start of the race.

A Drive-Through Penalty is a penalisation which can be given to a driver by the race stewards during the course of a race. A driver must enter the pits and pass through at the limited speed without stopping during this penalty period.


ECU is short for Electronic Control Unit, a standard unit that controls the electrical systems on all F1 cars including the engine and gearbox.

E is for Energy, Ecstasy & Excitement – elements that F1 is in no short supply of.


Fairer Finances

For the first time ever, Formula 1 will introduce spending restrictions to make the sport fairer and more sustainable. A cost cap will be set at $175m per team, per year, and applies to anything that covers on-track performance – but excludes marketing costs, the salaries of drivers, and of the top three personnel at any team.

The F1 cost cap will end the growing spending gap between F1’s big spenders and those with fewer resources, and the on-track performance differential this brings.

The F1 Fan Zone Stage is the hub for all things Formula 1, featuring daily signing sessions and engaging Fan Forums with F1 drivers and team principals.

The F1 Village is the area where all the off-track entertainment will be on offer for fans – this includes live magic and music shows, DJ’s, street performers, food and beverage stalls, chill out zones, simulators and much more.

Ferrari – the most famous brand and team in F1

Formula 1 Media Head of Comms

The current Formula 1 Head of Media is Liam Parker who manages all of F1’s interactions and relationships with F1 accredited media

The Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA, English: International Automobile Federation) is an association established in 1904 to represent the interests of motoring organisations and motor car users. To the general public, the FIA is mostly known as the governing and regulatory body for many auto racing events, including Formula 1.

FIA Media & Communications delegate 

The current FIA Media Delegate is Tom Wood who manages FIA media relations within the media centre, setting the rules, hosting the press conference and managing the working of the Media Centre with the National Press Officer.

Fly-Away Races – any race taking place outside of the traditional European race venues.

The Formation Lap is the lap before the start of the race when the cars are driven round from the grid to form up on the grid again for the start of the race. This lap is sometimes referred to as the warm-up lap or parade lap

The Formula One Group is a group of companies responsible for the promotion of the FIA Formula One World Championship, and the exercising of the sport’s commercial rights. In 2016 it was acquired by Liberty Media.


G-Force is the physical force equal to one unit of gravity which is multiplied during changes of speed or direction. Drivers experience serious G-Force when they corner, brake or accelerate. To put this into context, during a space shuttle launch the crew would pull 3g. A Formula 1 driver can expect to experience double that putting immense strain on the drivers’ bodies!

The Grid is the area where cars are set into a grid formation according to their qualifying results in order to start the race.

The Grid Walk is the term given to when journalists and especially broadcast journalists are able to walk the grid on race Sunday as the drivers and teams get ready to race and VIP guests check out the cars and soak up the energy of the fans up close. This is the last opportunity before

the race for media to grab a soundbite or quick answer from driver’s and team personnel. These are not scheduled interviews but instead rely on the reporter gauging the mood and reaction of the driver, team principal and/or celebrity on the spot to get a pre-race quote. To many people this is the most exciting and sought-after place to be at an F1 race weekend.

Grip is the term used for the amount of traction a car has at any given point, affecting how easy it is for the driver to keep control through corners.


The Halo is a titanium structure that sits above the car’s cockpit to protect the driver’s head from flying debris. A single vertical pylon supports the structure in front of the driver and the hoop above the cockpit is mounted to the car’s survival cell and cockpit surround. The device has been mandatory on all cars since the 2018 season. The Halo is so strong, is estimated to hold the weight of one of London’s iconic double decker buses – that’s the equivalent of 12 tonnes balancing on a 7kg metal frame!

Lewis Hamilton – F1’s current (and 7x) World Champion and the sport’s biggest star


An Installation Lap is the lap done on arrival at a circuit, testing functions such as throttle, brakes and steering before heading back to the pits without crossing the finish line.


A Jump Start occurs when a driver moves off his grid position before the five red lights have been switched off to signal the start. Sensors detect premature movement and a jump start earns a driver a penalty.


K is for Kimi Raikkonen – F1’s most enigmatic driver – commonly referred to as the ‘Iceman’…


Lock-upis the term used to describe a driver braking sharply and ‘locking’ one or more tyres whilst the others continue rotating. Tyre smoke and flat spots are common side effects.

Charles Leclerc – the young Ferrari superstar and great hope for the most famous team in F1


A Marshal is a course official, normally a volunteer, who has numerous jobs which ensure the safe running a race, including giving flag signals and reporting the facts of an accident.

The Media Accreditation Centre is where journalists and VIP guests must go to pick up their Paddock & Car Parking Passes for the race weekend. It is usually located on the edge of the race track and is managed by the race promoter.

The Media Centre, or pressroom, is usually – but not always – located above the team garages on the pitlane. The standard of facilities to be provided at circuits is a joint effort between the individual race organizers, the FIA and F1. The media centre has seats & desks for up to 600 print, photographic and TV journalists. Each row of seats is lined TV monitors which record every minute of a Grand Prix weekend together with every statistic. Grouped in rows of 4 or 5 screens, the data shown includes the position and lap times of each car, the gaps between cars,

their average speeds, written notification of spins and other track-side incidents, and so on. The TV screens show the action, with close ups and replays, from several perspectives – on the pit wall, along the pitlane, and in the garages, as well on the track. Photographers have

separate quarters located next to the print/digital &broadcast media. The media centre is run at each race by the host country’s media relations staff working in close cooperation with the FIA & F1.

Media Day at an F1 race weekend is always on Thursday (except for Monaco when it takes place on Wednesday). This is the day when teams provide accredited journalists with access to their drivers and senior team personnel via open and closed media sessions in the paddock. This allows the teams to fulfil their media duties before the real racing action begins and provides the media with vital access to the sport’s main players. It is also the day of the Driver’s Press Conference, when 5 different drivers each race are picked to face the world’s media. After the press conference is finished, the 5 drivers come down to the Bullpen/Mixed Zone in the Paddock to speak to international broadcast media.

For each race the promoter provides media (and the FIA) with a comprehensive FIA-approved press pack or Media Kit from the race organizers.

Media Parties – Some – but not all – race promoters like to welcome the international media visiting their race by hosting a media party on the Thursday evening of the race weekend. This often helps create goodwill and a warm atmosphere for the weekend ahead and is especially important when introducing new races to the permanent media pack.

Media Sessions – there are a few different types of media sessions hosted by teams (and in certain instances F1, FIA, sponsors & the race promoter). An Open Media Session is open to any accredited media to attend and ask a question and record quotes with the interviewee. Times for these are usually posted on the media centre notice board and outside a team’s hospitality building. A Private Media Session is invite-only and often only has a few select attendees specifically invited by the teams/stakeholders/sponsors/promoters. A one-on-one interview is between one journalist and interviewee and usually requires the journalist to reach out to the team weeks (if not months) in advance to secure a time slot with their driver or team personnel.

Media Shuttles are buses or small vans provided by the race organiser to take the media from the media car park and or MAC to the Media Centre and back at races where this is required

The Media Car Park is specifically set aside for attending accredited media and requires a parking pass. This ought to be provided to any accredited race-to-race media when collecting their Paddock Pass for the race weekend at the MAC. Permanent media are provided with their own pass that covers them for the year.

The Motorhome is the bespoke building in the Paddock that each team bases itself in for every European race. The motorhome acts as a hospitality, office, admin and media hub for all teams. Most Motorhomes are open to anyone with a Paddock Pass although some teams are more open to walk-ins than others, while certain periods such as specific times during team lunches and the end of the race see the motorhomes closed to public access. Each motorhome is moved from race to race and is designed bespoke to each team – an example being Red Bull Racing’s (shared with Toro Rosso) ‘Holzhaus’ Motorhome, designed in traditional Austrian style to reflect the team’s heritage. For ‘fly-away’ races – races taking place outside of Europe – teams don’t bring their motorhomes, instead using the hospitality buildings or tents provided by the race promoter.


The National Anthem Ceremony is a major protocol moment for any Grand Prix host.  With the participation of government officials, F1 dignitaries and the F1 teams & drivers it pays tribute to the host nation, as well as to all the countries involved in this grand event. The National Anthem ceremony always takes place on race Sunday just before the start of the race.

The National Press Officer (NPO) at any given F1 race weekend is the race promoter’s own representative when dealing with the local and international media in the media centre. The NPO is responsible for managing media relations in the Media Centre, working closely with the FIA Media Delegate to ensure smooth running of the Media Centre and Press Conferences & ensuring a regular flow of information is provided to the press via press releases & updates. The NPO also oversees the accreditation process for national media, ensuring only creditable media are put forward to the FIA & F1 for approval. 

The Notice Board is located in the media centre and is where the Race Promoter, Teams, Sponsors, F1 & FIA post their news, race results, timings, event updates and information on upcoming activities for media such as press sessions, press conferences, race stewards’ decisions, media drinks etc.

F1 is a Numbers game & since 2014, drivers have been able to choose their own numbers for their cars. If they move team, they take their number with them and it remains allocated to them for up to two years after their last race. A new champion can change to No 1 for the season following his victory, but this was last done by Sebastian Vettel in 2014. Current F1 champion Lewis Hamilton still uses his famous #44.


Oversteer occurs when a car’s rear end doesn’t want to go around a corner and tries to overtake the front end as the driver turns in towards the apex. This often requires opposite-lock to correct, whereby the driver turns the front wheels into the skid.


The Paddock is the heart of the sport on race weekend – the enclosed area behind the pits in which the teams keep their transporters and motor homes. There is no admission to the public only those who work in F1 (media, teams, stakeholders, promoters etc.) or VIP guests. As a result, the much sought-after paddock pass is one of the hottest commodities in F1.

The Paddock Club is the pinnacle of Formula 1 VIP hospitality. Pull up a ringside seat for some of the most important on-track action across the weekend, including the race start and pit stops, as you are waited on by highly-trained staff. Paddock Club guests enjoy mid-morning tea and pastries & gourmet luncheons prepared by world class chefs. Additional benefits include daily pit lane walks, driving tours of the track, live entertainment and appearances by F1 drivers.

Without a Paddock Pass, no one gets access to the Paddock. This applies to everyone from drivers, team, F1 & FIA personnel to all attending media & guests. There are different passes for different categories (see below re permanent and race to race passes) which cater for anyone who has a need to be in the Paddock. Journalists also get special ‘media’ stickers on their passes to allow them to gain access to and work in the media centre. Photographers also get special photographer passes to allow them to photograph in specific areas.

All passes are ultimately provided by the FIA (print & online media) and F1 (Broadcast media, VIP guests etc). Domestic media always need to apply for their race accreditation via the National Press Officer of their home GP, who will then make the application to FIA/F1 on the journalist’s behalf.

Parc ferme is the fenced-off area into which cars are driven after qualifying and the race, where no team members are allowed to touch them except under the strict supervision of race stewards. This is the area you see victorious drivers emerge from their cockpits and run into the arms of their teams after a race.

Permanent media – This is the group of media (print, online, broadcast) that has permanent access to F1 races year-round. It is not easy to gain a permanent pass and usually requires a journalist/broadcaster to work for a major reputable media outlet and/or attend at least 14 races a season over a number of years. This is one of the most valued passes in the sport

The Pit Board is the board held out on the pit wall to inform a driver of his race position, the time interval to the car ahead or the one behind, plus the number of laps of the race remaining.

The Pits or Pitlane is anarea of track separated from the start/finish straight by a wall, where the cars are brought for new tyres during the race, or for set-up changes in practice, each stopping at their respective pit garages.

Pitlane Tabard – most race-to-race photographers do not generally have access to the pitlane. It requires a special tabard that they must sign up for in the media centre on Thursday and that is handed out on a first-come-first-served basis by the NPO & FIA – usually up to 25 a day/per session.  This is the same with the grid, the FIA and F1 are very selective about who has access which generally tends to see race-by-race photographers and media excluded here in favour of the permanent media/broadcasters, photographers and major photo agencies.

The Pit Lane Walk is an incredible experience offered to Hospitality guests and4-day ticket holders. Usually taking place on the Thursday of the race weekend (for 4-day ticket holders), the Pit Lane Walk leads from the start-finish line through the pit lane to the F1 Fanzone Stage. This is a unique chance to watch the teams making their final preparations to get their cars ready in the garages ahead of the Grand Prix weekend, taking the fan right into the very heart of the sport.

A Pit-stop in F1 refers tothe action where the driver pits his car during a race for new tyres, repairs, mechanical adjustments, as a penalty, or any combination of the above. Every team uses at least one pit-stop per race, with certain races requiring more if the race strategy demands it. The fastest pit stop in history was recorded this year by Red Bull at the German GP, with an incredible time of 1.88 seconds! Pit stops are one of the most tense and exciting features of a Grand Prix. In fact, races are frequently won and lost based on the smoothness and speed of a

successful (or unsuccessful) pit stop. In just a few seconds a huge number of actions are carried out by a Formula One pit crew to get the driver back out on the track as fast as possible.

The Pit wall is where the team owner, managers and engineers spend the race monitoring their drivers’ activity on track and making strategy calls when required

The Podium is the name given to the rostrum on which trophies are awarded to the three highest placed drivers at the end of a Formula 1 Grand Prix. The terms ‘podium position’ and ‘podium finish’ are often used to describe drivers in the top three positions during a race, and at the finish respectively.

Pole Position is the leading position on the front row of the grid at the start of the race. The ‘pole sitter’ position is earned by the driver who sets the fastest qualifying time on the Saturday before the race. Current F1 Champion Lewis Hamilton holds the record for the most amount of pole positions in F1’s history with 100 (as of June 10th, 2021).

Practice sessions are the periods of track time on a Friday and Saturday of a race weekend which are set aside for on track preparation of the car and driver ahead of qualifying. A normal F1 weekend involves two ‘Free Practice’ sessions on Friday (FP1 & FP2) and one more (FP3) on Saturday morning before Qualifying.

Each 1 race weekend sees a series of live Press Conferences take place on Thursday and Friday of the race with 5 drivers (Thursday) & 5 Team Principals (Friday) appearing ensuring that journalists have a chance to question every driver and team owner over a series of race weekends. The press conference line up is changed every race and often is picked according to what has gone in the F1 world before or in relation to a driver/team’s home race being on that weekend etc to ensure the chosen drivers remain newsworthy at all times.  On Saturday and Sunday, the top 3 drivers in qualifying and the race appear in person right afterwards in press conferences for electronic and print media. The FIA provides full transcripts of press conferences to the media on site, and the information is also distributed electronically to the world at large via the FIA’s official website. The press conferences are also live streamed onto F1’s World feed for use by partner broadcasters. After each press conference, the drivers come down to the Bullpen/Mixed Zone in the Paddock to speak to international broadcast media.


Qualifying always takes place on Saturdays after the three Free Practice sessions have been completed. The Qualifying session is split into three knock-out sections in which drivers try to achieve the best possible time which will determine their grid spot. In the first two sessions (Q1 & Q2), the 5 drivers with the slowest lap times are eliminated, leaving 10 drivers to fight it out for pole position in the final section (Q3)


Race Control is the heart of any Formula One race, and a room of silence, thick with responsibility and many, many screens, covering practically every millimetre of the circuit. Race control in Formula 1 does not apply only to the decision-making process after an unsporting manoeuvre performed by a driver on track, but to other types of situations as well: deployment of the safety car in case an accident has occurred, the sending of the medical team to a place on the track in case a grave accident has happened, monitoring the speeds in the pit lane, keeping contact with all the teams at all time during a racing weekend, and so on.

Race Director, Michael Masi, is the man in charge of keeping the race run safely and to FIA regulations, with his team of FIA delegates alongside him on the front row of the Race Control room. Not only are Michael and his team able to see everything, they’re also privy to all the data fed from the broadcast centre, and are in immediate contact with marshals’ posts, the safety and medical cars, and the stewards. They listen to everything, see everything, and everything is recorded, helping them to make final decisions on key racing incidents.

A Race Steward is one of three high-ranking officials at each Grand Prix appointed to make decisions if an infraction is deemed to have occurred on-track. Race Stewardswork under the Race Director at F1 Grand Prix weekend and are charged with assessing on-track misdemeanours and punishing drivers accordingly.

Race-to-Race Media applies to those media who have to apply for race accreditation on a race to race basis. For international media who wish to go to a race not in their country, they need to apply to the FIA (print/online) and F1 (Broadcast) for their pass every time they wish to go to a race. This level of pass is highly suitable for media who wish to cover a few of the highlight races every year but not the entire season. For media wishing to apply for race accreditation to their home race (i.e. a Saudi journalist wishing to go to the Saudi Arabian GP), they need to apply via the National Press Officer of the Saudi Arabian GP itself, who will then make the application to FIA/F1 on the journalist’s behalf.

2022 Regulations

F1 car design is being overhauled for next season as a central pillar of the sport’s long-term target to increase competition through the grid and allow cars to race closer together. One of the most visible changes will be to the tyres, with larger, lower-profile 18-inch wheels replacing the traditional 13-inch tyres.

Retirement is the term used when a car has to drop out of the race because of an accident or mechanical failure. It is the word no driver ever wants to hear.

The Run-Off Area is the space on a circuit between the racing surface and the tyre wall, designed to allow cars to safely return to the track


The Safety Car is a high-performance course vehicle, which is deployed during a race to slow the pack down, normally to allow marshals and officials to clean debris from the circuit or tend to a driver who has crashed. In treacherous weather conditions, the safety car can also be used to start the race, as was the case in Germany this year.

Scrutineering refers to the technical checking of cars by the officials to ensure that none are outside the regulations.

A Shakedown is a brief test when a team is trying a new car component for the first time before going back out to drive at 100 percent to set a fast time.

Slipstreaming is a driving tactic when a driver is able to catch the car ahead and duck in behind its rear wing to benefit from a reduction in drag over its body and hopefully be able to achieve a superior maximum speed to slingshot past before the next corner.

Sprint Qualifying

Sprint Qualifying will be a race run over 100km at three Grands Prix this year, spaced out across the calendar. It is widely understood Silverstone and Monza are two of the three in the running, their track layouts offering a chance for the format to shine.

Each sprint race will last around 25-30 minutes. It is designed to provide a short and fast-paced racing spectacle – similar to a Twenty20 cricket match – with drivers racing flat-out from start to finish without the need to pit.

Points will be awarded to the top three finishers, three for the winner down to one point for third. There won’t be a podium ceremony, as that honour will remain the privilege of the top three in Sunday’s Grand Prix, however the winner will get a trophy in Parc Ferme, presented in a similar manner to the tyre the pole-sitter currently from F1’s tyre supplier Pirelli after qualifying now.

The finishing order of the race will define the grid for Sunday’s showpiece event – the Grand Prix, where the traditional format will remain unchanged.

There will be a more modest grid procedure for Sprint Qualifying, with media and guests permitted on grid as is the case in non-Covid times for the Grand Prix, but moments such as the national anthem will be unique to Sunday’s main race.

The one-hour traditional Qualifying session – split into three segments – that has yielded plenty of drama in recent years, will still a big part of the show. However, it will move to Friday, giving the first day of track action some gravitas and a crescendo event. The plan is to move the session later in the day, to make it easier for fans who are working to watch the session.

A Stop-Go Penalty is a punishment given to a driver which requires them to stop at his pit box for ten seconds – during this time the team are not allowed to do any work on the car

A Superlicence is the race driving licence level that all drivers are required to hold in order to race in F1.


Team Hospitality – much the same as a Motorhome butfor ‘fly-away’ races – races taking place outside of Europe. In this instance, teams don’t bring their motorhomes, instead using the hospitality buildings or tents provided by the race promoter. The Saudi Arabian GP is considered a fly-away race.

Traction is the degree to which a car is able to transfer its power onto the track surface for forward progress.

Tyre compound is the type of rubber mix used in the construction of a tyre, ranging from soft through medium to hard, with each offering a different performance and wear characteristic.

Only with a Paddock Pass can you make it past F1’s famous electronic Turnstiles that guard access to the heart of F1. The famous sound made by the turnstiles when scanning your pass to enter the Paddock is amongst the most satisfying sounds in F1 and lets you know you have made it into the sport’s inner sanctum.


Understeer occurs when the front end of the car doesn’t want to turn into a corner and slides wide as the driver tries to turn in towards the apex.


The Virtual Safety Car, is – as the name suggests – not a real car. Instead, it’s a lap time determined by the FIA for each individual race track that racers have to follow under caution, similar to how a real safety car would control the speed of the drivers on a track. The virtual safety car lap time is roughly 30 percent slower than what the FIA considers a standard racing lap.

Max Verstappen – F1’s hottest prospect and Lewis Hamilton’s biggest title rival this year

Sebastian Vettel – the only other multiple World Champion on the grid aside from Hamilton with 4 titles to his name


Warm-up describes the lap before racing that drivers use to bring the components of their car up to operating temperature, often weaving to warm tyres and braking heavily to warm the brakes

The World Feed (or International Feed) is the feed that all the broadcasters will be commentating on while an F1 session is in progress. If you’re watching a Grand Prix on TV or online, you’re almost certainly watching the World Feed. You usually can tell you’re watching the world feed (as opposed to a broadcaster’s own footage) by the presence of the F1 logo in the bottom-left of the screen.

The World Feed is active throughout almost the entire day of the Grand Prix weekend, and also covers F1’s support sessions/track parades etc. that run in between the F1 action, for the benefit of track-side screens as well as broadcasters who are also covering the support races.

It is worth noting that the feed is simply a continuous stream of live footage that all broadcasters will show during the race in order to show the live track action to their viewers (rather than each broadcaster filming the event separately, which would naturally be a huge logistical challenge).

Individual broadcasters often “augment” the World Feed in various ways while the session is in progress – maybe by inserting their own short replays if they have missed action due to taking a commercial break, or by cutting away to a live or pre-recorded in-vision interview or live piece of analysis.


F1 has many rules and regulations, years of history, a huge global footprint and countless famous characters but it also has the X Factor that is hard to define but ensures that being at an F1 race is unlike anything you have ever experienced. The best way to truly understand what makes F1 great, is to see it for yourself live and in person.


Y is for Youth– of F1’s current driver line up (20 in total), 9 drivers are under 25 with Landon Norris the youngest at only 19 years of age!


Zylon is a synthetic material often found in bulletproof vests which has strong anti-penetration properties and is used to strengthen drivers’ helmets and the sides of the cockpit.